The effect of antialcohol drugs
- • Drugs that cause a strong aversion to alcohol
- • Antialcoholic agents that neutralize the effects of alcohol
- • Remedies that treat mental disorders associated with addiction to alcohol
To combat alcohol dependence, various alcoholic substances are used. They are divided into drugs of plant origin and created in chemical laboratories by artificial means.
There are several pharmacological groups that are divided according to the way the drinker has an abstinence syndrome. They affect the body in several ways. Antialcoholic drugs that have sensitizing agents in their composition are capable of provoking a strong aversion to alcohol when used with alcohol. Some of the drugs have the property of reducing cravings for alcohol, which helps with long-term admission to completely abandon alcoholic beverages.
Antialcohol drugs include medicines that treat mental disorders associated with addiction to alcohol. Drugs that promote alcohol withdrawal help to improve the withdrawal symptoms and symptoms associated with it. As a rule, they contain vitamins and acids that improve metabolic processes in the body and remove toxins.
All these drugs often have many side effects, they are prescribed by a narcologist, controlling the state of the body during treatment. Self-administration of many drugs with an anti-alcohol orientation can lead to the general intoxication of the body and acute diseases of internal organs.
Drugs that cause a strong aversion to alcohol
The use of these drugs dramatically increases the sensitivity of the body to alcohol. Disulfiram, when used concomitantly with alcohol, blocks the action of the enzyme responsible for the metabolism of ethyl alcohol. The decomposition of ethanol ceases at the level of acetaldehyde formation. This is an acetic aldehyde, which, accumulating in the body, leads to general intoxication.
Man, taking a drug from this group, along with alcohol, feels a disturbance in the work of the cardiovascular system. Skin covers it blush, begins a sharp rush of blood, a rise in pressure, tachycardia. Dizziness begins, throbbing pains in the head, tinnitus, decreased vision. From the side of the digestive tract, nausea and vomiting are felt. When taking medications based on disulfiram, respiratory spasms, an acute sense of anxiety and the fear of death appear.
The reaction to alcohol begins almost immediately after drinking alcohol mixed with the drug. A few minutes after drinking this cocktail, the patient becomes ill. At the same time, at his subconscious level, aversion to alcoholic beverages is formed and rejection of them. The formation of such a negative image of alcohol makes it possible for a person to realize the depravity of the negative nature of the way of life.
Unfortunately, many alcoholics are so dependent on drinking that the internal ban often does not work, and they continue to drink alcohol during treatment. To obtain a persistent negative reaction, it is necessary to maintain a certain concentration of the drug in the patient's blood.
This can be done only with strict control by the narcologist. Small doses of the drug do not have the desired effect, because they are quickly eliminated from the body, and too large can cause serious complications. Tablets containing the active substance disulfiram should be used in the individually selected dosage recommended by the doctor.
To increase the duration of action instead of tablets, you can use injections of "Tetlong-250". They also have the main active substance disulfiram, which works for a longer time and in the required concentration. Drugs containing disulfiram are often introduced into the deep layers of the epidermis, lining the preparation under the skin inaccessible place. This is done so that the medicine, slowly dissolving, maintains the level of matter in the body at the proper level.
The same property is possessed by a substance called cyanamide. On its basis the preparation "Kolme" and "Lidevin" is issued. The sensitizing effect is possessed by such antiprotozoal and antiparasitic agents as "Metronidazole" and "Decaris".
Antialcoholic agents that neutralize the effects of alcohol
The use of drugs that neutralize the effects of alcohol, helps to avoid a hangover and the severe consequences of excessive drinking. Do not think that when taking these drugs intoxication of the body does not come if the amount of alcohol consumed is impressive, exceeding the dose several times.
The general poisoning of the body will be minimal, because the tablets consumed on the eve of the feast have substances that have antimicrobial activity, improve digestion and activate the activity of the bile ducts. Usually, these drugs consist of several medicinal herbs that reduce the toxic effect of ethanol, protect the liver, which have high antioxidant activity. They normalize the metabolism and prevent alcohol damage to internal organs and the nervous system. Such preparations contain a large amount of vitamins C, group B, which have a general strengthening effect.
These can be preparations containing succinic acid. It has properties that increase the effect on the nervous system, strengthens the urinary system and improves bowel function. It is used during feasts as a means of antistress, anti-inflammatory and antitoxic action. It will support the cardiovascular system, suffering from the effects of ethanol on the body.
They take funds that neutralize the effect of alcohol, half an hour before alcohol, and then during the feast, following the instructions inside the box with the medicine.
Remedies that treat mental disorders associated with addiction to alcohol
With an abstinence syndrome, alcoholics are completely weakened by the nervous system.
With a hangover syndrome, narcologists use funds with a sedative and tranquilizing effect. It can be barbiturates, tranquilizers. The substances that improve the nervous system include B vitamins.
"Biotredin" is a drug containing L-threonine and vitamin B6, called pyridoxine hydrochloride. It alleviates the withdrawal symptoms and reduces the manifestation of symptoms that occur in alcoholics as a result of a sudden cessation of alcohol intake. Increases mental performance, normalizes metabolism. It is prescribed for pathological craving for alcohol, accompanied by irritability, decreased mood, internal discomfort, hunger.
To improve its effect, glycine is prescribed, which refers to the non-essential amino acids that are the transmitters of nervous excitation. Glycine has a sedative effect and soothes the nervous system. It has the property of improving the metabolic processes that occur in the brain tissues.
Glycine is recommended by narcologists as a means to reduce craving for alcohol, which improves the conditions resulting from the sudden cessation of alcohol intake. It reduces depressive disorders and a state of depression. When taking glycine, a decrease in irritability and a normalization of sleep is observed.
"Limontar" is recommended in the presence of general weakness against the abstinence syndrome, reduced efficiency, appetite.
For patients with alcoholism, "Litonite" will be useful. It is suggested as an auxiliary for the complex treatment of alcoholics, in conditions that arise after a sudden alcohol abstinence.
If the mental state of a person after a drinking-bout is unbalanced, psychosis develops, then medical help is needed for the narcological service. Doctors, assisting such a patient, use medicines according to the symptoms that they observe in a sick person.
Of all drugs intended for the treatment of alcoholism, you can use vitamins and biologically active supplements yourself.
All other drugs are started to be used after consultation with the narcologist. Only the doctor's recommendations will help to choose the right treatment.