Symptoms and stages of alcoholism
- • Stages of alcoholism
- • 1st alcoholic stage
- • 2nd stage
- • 3rd initial alcoholic stage
- • Is alcoholism a disease?
- • How to treat alcoholism?
- • Sensitizing therapy
What is alcoholism, many know firsthand. But for some reason, it is considered that alcoholics only become in a dysfunctional environment. The first stage of the disease can be perceived by the patient as normal behavior, but in fact, just some symptoms, which we completely ignore, indicate that it's time to take certain measures.
Signs of alcoholism can be very different. This is not only a constant craving to drink at least a bottle of beer (and beer alcoholism is considered the most dangerous), but also mental disorders, irritability, unmotivated outbursts of anger, anxiety. It is best to turn to a specialist for help at the first signs of manifestations of the disease, if you can not cope with the craving for alcohol alone.
We will find out what are the signs of alcoholism, what stages this disease divides, what are its symptoms.
Stages of alcoholism
Signs of alcoholism are very different, but the main thing is not just to recognize them in time, but to determine which stage of the disease is observed. Today, the dependence on alcohol is divided into three stages. All of them are distinguished by various symptoms of alcoholism, the patient's condition gradually worsens with the development of the disease.
1-st alcoholic stage
The first alcoholic stage is considered to be the initial one, the following signs are observed: alcoholism is not so pronounced, only a strong inclination to alcoholic beverages is manifested, there is a transition from episodic drunkenness to systematic drinking, but it is not strongly pronounced. The patient may not drink for a certain period.
Alcohol dependence is characterized by such symptoms: neurasthenoid-like phenomena, sleep disorders, vegetovascular dystonia, loss of appetite, sudden mood changes for no apparent reason.
The duration of such a stage is different, its external signs can gradually develop from eight to ten years.
The second stage is also called narcotics, it has its signs: alcoholism is more pronounced, craving for alcohol is increasing, it becomes irresistible. The volume of consumed alcohol is quite significant, from 500 ml to 1.5 liters, but there are quite frequent light intervals when the patient practically does not take alcohol. There are such signs of dependence on alcohol as a changed mental state, severe fatigue, difficulties with mental work, the patient becomes more difficult to concentrate. Alcoholic excesses increase, there is a progressive exhaustion of the whole organism.
External symptoms - increased aggression, moral coarsening, a decrease in the range of interests. Outwardly the patient looks unimportant, his face swollen, his eyes cannot focus, attention is distracted. Most of the patient's thoughts about alcohol, it seems to him that a small dose of it can improve well-being. Right now there are such signs as hallucinations, paranoid phenomena, symptoms of white fever. The symptoms of toxic intoxication become obvious, it is simply impossible to ignore them.
3-rd initial alcoholic stage
The last stage of alcoholism is called the initial one. This is an increase in the total withdrawal syndrome. This chronic alcoholism, which is very difficult to cure, because, in addition to mental disorders, it is aggravated by the lesions of various organs as well. Symptoms of this stage are seizures, psychoses, hallucinations, binges, systematic or unceasing drunkenness. Dependence on alcohol is expressed very clearly, the patient drinks alcohol as it seems to him, like drugs. Without a regular dose, it becomes much worse, there are external signs such as shaking hands, feet, heads, slurred speech, a glancing look. Such an icky picture here is obvious to everyone, except the patient himself.
The first manifestations that were observed during the initial stage are already pronounced, it is impossible to ignore them. Dependence is visible on the mental and physical level, the personality is highly distorted. Treatment in this period is possible only in a hospital, since it is necessary not only to remove mental dependence, but also to purify the body, since its complete poisoning is observed. Usually, the patient at this stage already has severe lesions of the liver, central nervous system and parts of the brain, cardiovascular system. Therefore, treatment is long, complex, for this use a variety of medications.
Drinking alcohol during treatment is strictly prohibited, since even a small dose of it can lead to coma, deterioration and even death. In many cases, compulsory treatment is recommended, since the patient himself is no longer aware of this need.
Is alcoholism a disease?
Symptoms of alcoholism cannot be clearly defined, they are different. Everything depends on the course of the disease, stage, age and general condition of the patient. But we must remember that this is a chronic disease, during which many organs are affected, including the stomach, liver, intestines, kidneys, cardiovascular system, CNS. Strongly suffering and the inner circle of the alcoholic, as for alcoholism is characterized by unmotivated behavior, fits of rage. The patient can cause harm not only to himself, but also to his relatives.
Few people treat the disease seriously at the first stage, it is believed that everything can pass by itself, and you can get rid of the attraction yourself, just by showing willpower. But how many people are so thirsty? Units, the greater part continues to consume alcohol further, more and more plunging into this addiction.
Household alcoholism is a serious, dangerous disease that needs urgent treatment. The patient should be convinced of the need to start treatment, although at a later stage it is done forcibly, such cases are not uncommon.
How to treat alcoholism?
Even minor signs of alcoholism require close attention and appropriate measures, but already at the first stage it is required to begin treatment.
They usually start with a special detoxification therapy, which is carried out only in a hospital during a pronounced hangover syndrome. For this, various drugs can be used, but the parenteral method, that is, intramuscular or intravenous, is most often used. To do this, use magnesium sulfate, unitiol, nootropics, B vitamins. If the signs, alcoholism without which can not exist, include pronounced mental disorders, then you need to start taking tranquilizers. This is Relanium, Tazepam, Seduxen, Phenazepam and others.
Treatment is carried out only under the supervision of specialists, reception of alcoholic beverages is strictly limited. The patient should be given a plentiful drink, including fruit drinks, juices, mineral water without gas, a rich vitamin, high-calorie diet is needed. If there are serious diseases of the internal organs, then not only symptomatic treatment is required, but also a special one, prescribed only by a doctor.
Today, alcohol dependence is treated by a variety of methods, one of which is conditioned reflex therapy, that is, the development of an emetic reaction to the smell, the taste of alcohol. This treatment involves the use of emetics, for example, injections of apomorphine. Treatment is carried out every other day, every day, one course can include 20-25 sessions. This method of treatment is considered the most effective in the first stage of alcoholism, especially in women who negatively suffer from vomiting, that is, the treatment procedure, in this case, is quite effective.
Often used and a method of treatment, such as sensitizing therapy. Its purpose is to completely suppress the attraction to alcohol, to create conditions for forced abstinence. When using this method, it is not allowed for the patient to take alcohol, since the reaction can occur most unpredictable and quite dangerous. One of the varieties of this method is the use of implants, which are implanted under the skin.
These are special capsules that contain an Esperal. They are implanted intramuscularly in the buttock area. The drug Esperal is ten tablets, each of which is coated and sealed in a strong, sterile bottle. In the body, a reaction appears only after alcohol enters it, but one must be extremely cautious, since a lethal outcome is possible. Treatment by this method consists in the fact that the patient is aware of the possible consequences, before the beginning of the course he gives a written receipt, which is a full legal document for the doctor.
The disease can be treated and a method of psychotherapy, during which there are explanatory talks about the dangers of alcohol, the possible consequences for health and life. But such treatment is possible only at the initial stages, often it is combined with medication.
There is another option that is used to treat alcoholics. This is hypnotherapy, that is, suggestion during hypnotic sleep. Coding also applies here, usually in groups of up to ten people.
Depending on what are observed in the alcoholic symptoms, the course of treatment may vary. Important here is moral support, especially since attraction can last a long time. Often this is accompanied by vegetative disorders that are peculiar to a hangover. The patient may be agitated, some symptoms of alcoholism may periodically return. The patient needs to eat more, be in a happy, benevolent atmosphere. Taking medication should not be stopped in any case, constantly should be under the supervision of a doctor.
Alcoholism is not just an attraction to alcoholic beverages, it is a real disease that can be dangerous not only for the patient himself, but also for the people around him. You can not leave everything to chance, this state requires mandatory, urgent intervention, often treatment is the need for the participation of a psychiatrist. There are quite a lot of methods of treatment for alcoholism today, but only an expert can assign them, depending on which stage and what course of the disease are observed in the patient. It is impossible to drink alcoholic beverages during treatment, as the consequences can often be not only negative, but also lead to death.